Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. The Battle of Mons was the last of four “Battles of the Frontiers” that took place over as many days on the Western Front between Allied and German forces in … StarMediaEN 301,030 views On August 23, 1914, in their first confrontation on European soil since the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, four divisions of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), commanded by Sir John French, struggle with the German 1st Army over the 60-foot-wide Mons Canal in Belgium, near the French frontier. Omissions? Pal. See more ideas about battle, world war … A short story based on a real-life battle became the basis for one of World War I’s most famous paranormal legends. Britain declared war on Germany on August 4, 1914, and the lead elements of the BEF began arriving in France just days later. 1 German First Army 1.1 II Army Corps 1.2 III Army Corps 1.3 IV Army Corps 1.4 IX Army Corps 1.5 III Reserve Corps 1.6 IV Reserve Corps 2 British Expeditionary Force (French) 2.1 The Cavalry Division (Allenby) 2.2 I Corps (Haig) 2.3 II Corps (Smith-Dorrien) 2.4 … Though Von Kluck and the 1st Army enjoyed two-to-one numerical superiority, they did not make effective use of it, and the British regiments at the salient admirably withstood six hours of shelling and infantry assault. Battle of Mons, (August 23, 1914) engagement between the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the German army at Mons, Belgium, during the Battle of the Frontiers in the opening weeks of World War I. The battle opened in earnest about 10:30 am with a bombardment by German batteries located on high ground northeast of the Mons salient. British troops from the BEF (British Expeditionary Force) had crossed to mainland Europe on August … But the dictators were, despite appearances, both playing to their own political needs. The Battle of Mons was the first engagement on the Western Front in which the advancing German army clashed with the advancing Allied armies along the Franco-Belgian and Franco-German borders. French’s BEF had been originally slated to assist the French 5th Army, commanded by General Charles Lanrezac, in their attempt to break through the center of the advancing German lines. We are heavily outnumbered, however, we do have the advantage of better trained units. The British suffered some 1,600 casualties, with losses concentrated especially in those units which occupied the canal salient. As matters turned out, the German attack on the BEF was directed almost entirely against Gen. Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien’s II Corps on the British left, where the situation was not unfavourable for the British. On August 24 the British began to fall back in conformity with their allies, from the Belgian frontier toward the Marne. The German victory forced the BEF into a retreat that was not checked until the First Battle of the Marne. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Battle-of-Mons-1914, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Battle of Mons, 23 August 1914, The History Learning Site - The Battle of Mons. Battles - The Battle of Mons, 1914. By the time the battle ended after nine hours, some 35,000 British soldiers had been involved, with a total of 1,600 casualties. A short story based on a real-life battle became the basis for one of World War I’s most famous paranormal legends. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Although thus placed in an exposed forward position, French agreed to stand at Mons with his two corps to cover Lanrezac’s left. About 11:30 pm, he received a telegram confirming that the Belgian fortress of Namur had fallen during the day and that Lanrezac’s Fifth Army was withdrawing after fierce attacks by Gen. Karl von Bülow’s Second Army. Mons was a battle of movement unlike the battles that followed which involved trench warfare. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Episode 8. The Battle of Mons (1914) On August 23, 1914, Europe saw its first battle of WWI. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). They faced … The British, after concentrating near Maubeuge, France, had moved up to Mons on August 22, ready to advance farther into Belgium as part of an offensive by the Allied left wing. Jan 30, 2014 - Board on The Battle of Mons, Belgium 1914 detailing what it was, what happened, Key involvement and a conclusion to the Battle. The Battle of Mons was the first major battle of World War One. StarMedia. After his death from a ruptured ulcer was ...read more, Despite worldwide demonstrations in support of their innocence, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed for murder. I understand from Robert Dunlop that this privately-published work will in due course be available through … The British soldiers managed to resist the attacks of much larger German forces for a time before being… In these circumstances not only was the planned Allied offensive out of the question, but also the British line was now untenable. At Mons, the British Army attempted to hold the line of the Mons–Condé Canal against the advancing German 1st Army. As well … Lanrezac’s decision, late in the day, to order a general retreat of the French 5th Army at Charleroi left the BEF in danger of envelopment by the Germans, and a decision was made to withdraw the troops as soon as possible. The British II and I Corps were practically at right angles to each other and faced, generally speaking, north and northeast, respectively. The following units of the German First Army and British Expeditionary Force fought in the Battle of Mons in World War I German First Army. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. See Article History. This was the “first confrontation on European soil since the Battle of Waterloo in 1815” ().Four divisions of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), under the command of Sir John French – as confusing as that is – battled against the German 1 st Army “over the 60-foot-wide Mons Canal in Belgium” (). The greatest legend of the war, The Angels of Mons, emerged from the first battle fought by British troops in Europe since Wellington's forces defeated Napoleon at Waterloo a century earlier (see FT170:30­38). The BEF had arrived in France barely two weeks before and had been rapidly deployed with the French to try and arrest the onward march of the German Army. BEF commander Field Marshal Sir John French soon learned that the French Fifth Army under Charles Lanrezac had been checked on August 21 and deprived of the crossing of the Sambre River. At the Battle of Mons the BEF had some 80,000 men, comprising the Cavalry Division, an independent cavalry brigade and two corps, each with two infantry divisions. At nine o’clock on the morning of August 23, German guns opened fire on the British positions at Mons, focusing on the northernmost point of a salient formed by a loop in the canal. The British line was shaped somewhat like a broad arrow with its tip at Mons. The Battle of Mons comprises one of the so-called Battles of the Frontier that took place during August 1914, at Mulhouse, Lorraine, the Ardennes, Charleroi - and Mons. It was … According to the White House Historical Society and Dolley’s personal letters, President James Madison left the White House on August ...read more, The most famous and widely quoted observation about rock pioneers the Velvet Underground is generally credited to guitarist Brian Eno, who supposedly said that while only a handful of people bought their albums in their original release, every one of those people was inspired to ...read more, On August 23, 2000, Richard Hatch, a 39-year-old corporate trainer from Rhode Island, wins the season-one finale of the reality television show Survivor and takes home the promised $1 million prize. Holger and I published it as 'The Battle of Mons: The Official German Account' (see here). The ...read more, On August 23, 1902, pioneering cookbook author Fannie Farmer, who changed the way Americans prepare food by advocating the use of standardized measurements in recipes, opens Miss Farmer’s School of Cookery in Boston. In a four-to-three vote by his fellow contestants, Hatch, who was known for ...read more, The first cases of an encephalitis outbreak are reported in New York City on August 23, 1999. During this infamous World War I battle, the British mistakenly assumed the Germans would be … The Battle of Mons comprises one of the so-called Battles of the Frontier that took place during August 1914, at Mulhouse , Lorraine , the Ardennes , Charleroi - and Mons . German troops advancing through Belgium German troops invaded Belgium on August 3rd. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Muddy ditches and barbed-wire fences impeded movement, but clumps of trees and bushes provided valuable cover and were of service for the enemy’s machine guns. Battle of Mons, (August 23, 1914) engagement between the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the German army at Mons, Belgium, during the Battle of the Frontiers in the opening weeks of World War I. When day broke on August 23, the British force of about 75,000 men and 300 guns was opposed by some 150,000 men and 600 guns of the German First Army under Gen. Alexander von Kluck. The BEF was a much smaller Army than either the German or French forces and numbered some 80,000 men … It was a subsidiary action of the Battle of the Frontiers, in which the Allies clashed with Germany on the French borders. This was the “first confrontation on European soil since the Battle of Waterloo in 1815” (Source). On April 15, 1920, a paymaster for a shoe company in South Braintree, Massachusetts, was shot and killed along with his guard. The town of Mons will be the first time our Army meets the Germans. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The Battle of Mons marked the first battle between the British & German Armies in the First World War. The Battle of Mons was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the First World War. The Battle of Mons occurred on August 23, 1914. It was the first battle the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) took part in and was a subsidiary battle of the Battle of the Frontiers where the Allied army took on the German Army over the French Borders. All Rights Reserved. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. On 22 August the five divisions of the BEF (four infantry and one cavalry) reached the Mons-Condé canal and took up positions along twenty miles of … The Battle of Mons was the first engagement on the Western Front in which the advancing German army clashed with the advancing Allied armies along the Franco-Belgian and Franco-German borders. The Battle of Mons was fought August 23, 1914, during World War I (1914-1918) and was the British Army's first engagement of the conflict. Château Salins near Morhange was captured on 17 August and Sarrebourg the next day. The Battle of Mons: The long British retreat was a heroic stand BRITISH Tommies fought like devils to throw spanners in the German Schlieffen Plan. A delayed start and poor relations between French and Lanrezac, however, meant that the 5th Army and the BEF would fight separate battles against the advancing Germans, at Charleroi and Mons. The town was actually held by two French territorial battalions, but Kluck halted three corps to deal with the possible threat to his right flank. The main French offensive, the Battle of Lorraine (14–25 August), began with the Battles of Morhange and Sarrebourg (14–20 August) advances by the First Army on Sarrebourg and the Second Army towards Morhange. the Battle of Mons [the Battle of Mons] (1914) the first big battle of ↑World War I, fought in August 1914 near the Belgian town of Mons. Full-time military service in Germany was universal for males and comprised 2 years with the colours or 3 years in the cavalry and horse artillery. Order of battle at Mons. Shortly after her escape, Priklopil died by suicide. The contemporaneous German account has been translated. The decision was made not a moment too soon, as the remainder of the German First Army was marching still farther westward in an attempt to envelop the open British left flank. The German victory forced the BEF into a retreat that was not checked until the First Battle of the Marne. From that time onward the guns were gradually extended westward as battery after battery came into action against the British II Corps. It was the first confrontation on European soil since the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. By late morning, Kluck had realized that the British were in strength on the canal and that the troops at Tournai, now known to be French, had retired toward Lille. And they hadn’t walked the dreadful road west from Mons itself. The exact location of the battle remains a matter of debate. Indeed, there was a delay early in the day caused by a report that Allied troops, perhaps British, were detraining in force at Tournai, some 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Mons. World War I Events Hope was switched off at the same time as the lights. The history covers the immediate aftermath of the battle but not the further withdrawal to any extent. Operating at the extreme left of the Allied line, the British assumed a position near Mons, Belgium in an attempt to stop the German advance in that area. I don't recall Zuber's book covering much of the retreat from Mons, mostly the battle itself. II Corps was commanded by Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien and consisted of the 3rd and 5th Divisions. The Battle of Mons: During World War I, the Allies engaged Germany along the border of France in a series of battles. The first three—at Lorraine, Ardennes and Charleroi—involved French forces under the central command of General Joseph Joffre. For more on the Battle of Mons Graupius, read John Sadler’s ‘Scottish Battles: From Mons Graupius to Culloden’, Ken Mattingly’s translation of ‘The Agricola’, ‘Mons Graupius AD 83: Rome’s Battle at the Edge of the World’ by Duncan B Campbell and ‘Rome’s Enemies (2): Gallic and British Celts’ by Peter Wilcox. The collapse of the Mons salient inevitably led to a slight withdrawal by the remainder of the II Corps, and by nightfall a new line had been established some 3 miles (5 km) from the canal. The Battle of Mons (1914) On August 23, 1914, Europe saw its first battle of WWI. This was a battle on a massive scale, Julius Agricola, governor of the Roman force in England, mobilized 20,000 Romans. For the British Army, World War I ended where it began, with the first … The Battle of Mons Graupius was fought in 83 CE between the invading forces of Rome, under the general Agricola, and the Picts, the indigenous people of modern-day Scotland, under their leader Calgacus.The only account of the battle is found in the Agricola by the Roman historian Tacitus (56-117 CE) who was Agricola's son-in-law.The location of the battle is not known, and as many as 29 … The Royal Fusiliers faced some of the heaviest fighting in the battle and earned the first Victoria Cross of the war. The Battle of Mons was the last of four “Battles of the Frontiers” that took place over as many days on the Western Front between Allied and German forces in the opening month of World War I. For the Germans, the Battle of Mons was a tactical repulse and a strategic success. Both will have to wait four long years to be reborn. The German First Army had been ordered to shift its direction of attack from southwest to south, toward Mons, but Kluck was ignorant of the position of the British force. In addition to teaching women about cooking, Farmer later ...read more, On August 23, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact, stunning the world, given their diametrically opposed ideologies. Mons: The Retreat to Victory, John Terraine.A classic account of the first phase of the fighting on the Western Front as it affected the B.E.F., from their arrival in France, to the battle of Mons itself and on to the long retreat and the battle of the Marne, supported by a good account of the experience of the French and German armies and their commanders [read full review] The Mons battle signified the first engagement between British and German forces on the Western Front, and began on 23 August 1914. It was one of the so-called Battles of the Frontiers that took place during August 1914 at Mulhouse, Lorraine, the Ardennes, Charleroi and Mons. John Marincola 401 A note on the battle of Mons Graupius Duncan B. Campbell 407 Notes on Statius, Thebaid 2 Kyle Gervais 411 Invitus invitam: a window allusion in Suetonius’ Titus Duncan E. MacRae 415 Anth. the battle of long island lasted 3 days. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! 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