aquapolis, a sea city or marine city were born in city models as well as from the literature of films. 1959 gründete Kikutake mit Kisho Kurokawa, Fumihiko Maki, Sachio Otaka und Noboin Kawazoe die Gruppe der Metabolisten, die den Gedanken verfolgte, den Lebenszyklus von Geburt und Wachstum auf Städtebau und Architektur zu übertragen. The centrepiece of Expo 1975 was Aquapolis, a ‘floating city’ that sat 32 metres above the sea, next to the Science and Technology Cluster. Kiyonori Kikutake in 1968 with a model of Ocean City. Paolo Soleri, Arcology: The City in the Image of Man (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1970), especially 24, 37, 41–42; see also Lear, “Floating Cities,” 83. After constructing housing for war widows and their families out of wood and brick salvaged from fire-bombed buildings, Kikutake completed his legendary Sky House in 1958. Kiyonori Kikutake étudie à l'Université Waseda dont il est diplômé en 1950. 5: Kiyonori Kikutake: Skulptur, aus: The Japan Architect (1975), S. 46. With his eyes squeezed shut and his hands spread out like a spiritual medium, he seems to be straining, desperately trying to conjure the project into reality: a colony on the sea that would accommodate Japan’s burgeoning postwar population, free from overcrowded cities, safe from earthquakes, impossible to flood. The numbering system for Skyridge is similar to that of Aquapolis. Apr 10, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Alejandra Padilla. It became a laboratory for testing theories of artificial ground and adaptation on his own family. The centerpiece of Expo 75 was the Aquapolis a floating city designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake. Kiyonori Kikutake (菊竹 清訓? ; Skyridge continues Aquapolis'tradition of minigames playable by scanning in dot codes from multiple cards. By the time it closed one year later, Reyner Banham had published Megastructure: Urban Futures of the Recent Past. Looking for Kikutake, Kiyonori? It was envisioned as a concept of how humans could live harmoniously on the ocean, and a prototype for marine communities. ‘Marine City’ projects by Kiyonori Kikutake are the first and most influential proposals to build ‘Megastructures’ into the sea after the dissolution of CIAM. Kikutake's vision for floating towers was partly realised in 1975 when he designed and built the Aquapolis for the Okinawa Ocean Expo. The theme of the exposition was the oceans, and focused on oceanographic technologies, marine life, and oceanic cultures.The motto was “The sea we would like to see" (海-その望ましい未来, Umi - sono nozomashii mirai). Architecture; cultural / educational buildings; exhibition buildings In 2000 it was sold to a US-based company 14 million Yen and towed to Shanghai where it was scrapped. Kikutake also discussed these ideas in connection to Aquapolis. WikiMatrix WikiMatrix Jules Verne, à […] la suite d'une traversée à bord du Great Eastern, écrit ainsi un ouvrage témoignage intitulé Une ville flottante . Interpretation  Kikutake Kiyonori Japanese architect. ‘Marine City’ projects by Kiyonori Kikutake are the first and most influential proposals to build ‘Megastructures’ into the sea after the dissolution of CIAM. ; Kikutake Takashi, 46, owner of a building restoration company, said in Tokyo. Il est également le tuteur et l'employeur de plusieurs importants architectes japonais tels que Toyō Itō et Itsuko Hasegawa. Il est par ailleurs professeur à l'Académie internationale d'architecture (IAA) à Sofia. Aquapolis. During the preparation for the 1960 Tōkyō World Design Conference a group of young architects and designers, including Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa and Fumihiko Maki prepared the publication of the Metabolism manifesto. In 1961, with Disaster Prevention City, Kikutake proposed a flood-prevention scheme for Tokyo’s Koto Ward: a grid of 20-foot-high piers, safe from the waters of Tokyo Bay. Aquapolis. Saved by Mikheil Mikadze. Son idée Marine City Project présentée en 1958 sert de point de départ à beaucoup de discussions relatives à la planification urbaine des méga-villes, en particulier l'utopie urbaine appelée Ocean City. Seine eigentliche Idee war, einen Unlike Kikutake's Marine City (see webpage header image) which remains unbuilt, the Aquapolis was built for use as the Japan Pavilion at the 1975 World Expo in Okinawa. Its architect, Kikutake Kiyonori, saw Aquapolis off to China and oblivion. 45. Leben. Another member of Metabolist movement, Kiyonori Kikutake, was even more ambitious. Kikutake would spend his life designing other surfaces upon which to build instead—on the land, on the sea, and in the air. Kikutake Kiyonori. His Aquapolis, the Japanese “pavilion,” was a floating, oil-rig-like structure the size of a city block. PREVI (Lima) Kiyonori Kikutake Ground and first floor plan (source:Architectural Design,4/ 1970, London) Fumihiko Maki. Kikutakeren arkitekturak hiru fase ditu: irudia, eredua eta forma. That reputation preceded him, though it grew out of the ferocity of his passion rather than a genuine diagnosis. Il dirige son propre cabinet depuis 1953. ; In October 2000, the Aquapolis was towed away to Shanghai to be scrapped. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. ». The Marine City projects by Kiyonori Kikutake designed between 1958 and 1963 are the first and most influential proposals to build ‘Megastructures’ into the sea after the dissolution of C.I.A.M.They include two basic types: the ‘Floating Structure’ as a concentric and city-scale type, and the ‘Linear Ocean City’ as a linear and national-scale type. After working for Kiyonori Kikutake Architect and Associates from 1965 to 1969 (alongside Itsuko Hasegawa), in 1971 he started his own studio in Tokyo, named … (Kikutake later reflected that the move-nets were too small and stifled the children’s activity; when British architect James Stirling came to visit, he couldn’t fit down the narrow stairway into the capsule.). Il est membre honoraire de plusieurs organismes, tels que l'American Institute of Architects (AIA) ou les académies d'architectes françaises et bulgares. Abb. Sky House became a hub for various architectural milieu: a barbecue on the patio underneath the house in 1958 may well have been the moment when Kenzo Tange—architect of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum and Japan’s de facto architect laureate—first enlisted Kikutake to be a Metabolist, together with fellow architect Kisho Kurokawa and critic Noboru Kawazoe, who were also at the party. His architecture remains as powerful as ever. designboom would like to take the time to commemorate a japanese architect, visionary and mastermind at the leading edge of the metabolism movement, kiyonori kikutake… Prev project Next project. archiveofaffinities: Kiyonori Kikutake, Aquapolis, Okinawa, 1975. Toyo Ito, whose first job was in Kikutake’s office, tells us in Project Japan—the recently published book by Rem Koolhaas and curator Hans Ulrich Obrist that I co-edited with curator Kayoko Ota—that he used to hear “endless strange rumors about Kiyonori Kikutake: that he ran around the campus of his alma mater, Waseda University, barefoot and wearing a hanten jacket, that he made a living by frantically drawing up plans for the repair of wooden buildings ruined in World War II, that he was ferociously quick at drawing plans, and that they were preposterously beautiful.”. Kiyonori KIKUTAKE. L’architecte japonais Kiyonori Kikutake y a construit une « ville flottante » nommée Aquapolis, située à 32 mètres au-dessus de la mer. 14/mai/2015 - Oumaima encontrou este Pin. Sky-house-Kiyonori-Kikutake-01.jpg 850 × 573; 176 KB Toku-un-ji Temple.jpg 2,073 × 1,378; 1.12 MB 西武大津ショッピングセンター 菊竹清訓 since 1976 (12400107443).jpg 640 × 640; 116 KB Last fall at the Mori Museum in Tokyo, Kikutake took part in a symposium with his fellow surviving Metabolists Kenji Ekuan (the industrial designer responsible for the Kikkoman soy sauce bottle) and Fumihiko Maki (now building Tower 4 at the World Trade Center in New York). Kikutake told him about his three-step principle for architecture, inspired by nuclear physics: ka (essence), kata (substance), katachi (phenomenon). Gianni Pettena, Radicals. Category:Kiyonori Kikutake. Kiyonori Kikutake, 1928-2011 ... His Aquapolis, the Japanese “pavilion,” was a floating, oil-rig-like structure the size of a city block. This book is a review of the Work of Kiyonori Kikutake, a Japanese modernist and metabolist architect. Leben. Kikutake is probably most famous for his designs of marine metropoles – arguably the most important contribution of the Metabolists. 5 The Ministry of International Trade and Industry, willing to sponsor potential solutions to Japan’s shortage of land and housing, paid for the construction of a 1:1 prototype, which Kikutake subjected to earthquake and fire tests. Kikutake’s vision for floating towers was partly realised in 1975 when he designed and built the Aquapolis for the Okinawa Ocean Expo. Unlike Kikutake's Marine City (see webpage header image) which remains unbuilt, the Aquapolis was built for use as the Japan Pavilion at the 1975 World Expo in Okinawa. Expo 1975 (Okinawa): Aquapolis. back to projects; print; General information. Apr 10, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by New Haven. Jump to navigation Jump to search. ; The museum building was designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake. The centerpiece of Expo ’75, the world’s fair held in Okinawa, Japan was a floating city created by the architect Kikutake Kiyonori, called Aquapolis. The 100 x 100 meter floating city block contained accommodation that included a banquet hall, offices and residences for 40 staff and … When the oil crisis struck in 1973 and Japan’s economy contracted for the first time since the war, Kikutake, like other Metabolists, looked to the Middle East for commissions. In the photo, Kikutake also looks rather mad. seus próprios Pins no Pinterest. Part of their duty as landlords was to protect their tenants from the frequent flooding of the Chikugo River. He told Koolhaas and Obrist that everything began with the 1947 Nochi Kaiho (Agrarian Reform) law enacted by the occupying American General Headquarters, which dispossessed him of his inherited land: “My architecture was my protest, as a former landlord, against the dismantling of the entire landowning system.” The surface of Japan is already maddeningly difficult to build on because of its tectonic instability, because it is 75 percent mountainous, and because the flat parts are prone to flooding and tsunamis; after the reform law, it became politically tainted as well. Meanwhile, Kikutake was also taking on the land with his Stratiform Structure Module, a giant A-frame into which individual, American-style detached houses can be plugged. Die Form der „Aquapolis“ entsprach allerdings nicht den ursprüng-lichen Vorstellungen Kikutakes. EXPLORACIONES. It was envisioned as a concept of how humans could live harmoniously on the ocean, and a prototype for marine communities. The 100 x 100 meter floating city block contained accommodation that included a banquet hall, offices and residences for 40 staff and … Sky House, 1958 (left) and the Miyakonojo Civic Center, 1966 (right). Kiyonori Kikutake studierte an der japanischen Waseda-Universität und promovierte 1950 im Fach Architektur. Japanese architect and leading light in Metabolism. Kenzo Tange in front of his Plan for Tokyo in 1960 ESPAÑOL Metabolism was the most important urban architectural, artistic and philosophical movement, that Japan produced in the twentieth century. The 100 x 100 meter floating city block contained accommodation that included a banquet hall, offices and residences for 40 staff and … En 1959, Kikutake fonde en compagnie de Kisho Kurokawa, Fumihiko Maki, Sachio Otaka et Noboin Kawazoe le groupe des métabolistes qui poursuivent l'idée de transposer à l'urbanisme et à l'architecture le cycle vital de la naissance et de la croissance. ; The centerpiece of Expo 75 was the Aquapolis a floating city designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake. (1928–2012).Japanese architect, a leading light in Metabolism, committed to adaptability, as expressed in his visionary designs for cities. The centerpiece of Expo 75 was the Aquapolis a floating city designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake. The premier conference on high-performance building enclosures. Expo 75 was conceived, in part, to commemorate the American handover of Okinawa to Japan in 1972. Designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake, the futuristic city cost 14 billion yen (US$ 41 million) and was a prototype marine community. Image: Kirakirameister / Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA 3.0 English: Kiyonori Kikutake is a Japanese architect. — Kiyonori Kikutake [2] À l'occasion de l'Expo ’75 (en), Kiyonori Kikutake fait construire l'ile artificielle d'Aquapolis. Expos in 1970s Japan were true laboratories: at the Okinawa Ocean Expo in 1975, which celebrated the handing over of the islands from the United States to Japan, Kikutake was finally able to build on the sea. For determination and longevity, Kikutake’s had few equals. Find out information about Kikutake, Kiyonori. He proposed floating factories for the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq and for Libya’s coast; for Jeddah and Abu Dhabi he designed, but never built, giant floating hotels. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. Kikutake Kiyonori, (born April 1, 1928, Kurume, Japan—died December 26, 2011, Tokyo), Japanese architect concerned with the problems of a changing world, particularly urban sprawl and sustainability.. After graduating from Waseda University in Tokyo (1950), Kikutake worked for several architectural firms and then opened his own office (1953). Kiyonori Kikutake, “Kaiyō kaihatsu to Akuaporisu” [Ocean development and Aquapolis], Kenchiku Zasshi 89, 1084 (1974): 785. TimberCon -- spotlighting the emerging field of timber construction. Kikutake and Maki also had major commissions for the subsequent 1975 Okinawa Ocean Expo; Kikutake’s Aquapolis, a remarkable pavilion floated just off shore, became a poignant symbol for the movement, unattainable and slowly rusting until it was scrapped at the end of the 20th century. By the time it closed one year later, Reyner Banham had published Megastructure: Urban Futures of the Recent Past. Kikutake, Kiyonori | Article about Kikutake, Kiyonori by The Free Dictionary. He was also the tutor and employer of several important Japanese architects, such as Toyo Ito, Shōzō Uchii and Itsuko Hasegawa Background. Kikutake a été professeur à l'Université Waseda à Tokyo et professeur invité dans les universités de Beijing, Sofia, Hawaii, Vienne, Virginie et Aix la Chapelle. 1959 gründete Kikutake mit Kisho Kurokawa, Fumihiko Maki, Sachio Otaka und Noboin Kawazoe die Gruppe der Metabolisten, die den Gedanken verfolgte, den Lebenszyklus von Geburt und Wachstum auf Städtebau und Architektur zu übertragen. They include two basic types: the ‘Floating Structure’ as a concentric and city-scale type, and the ‘Linear Ocean City’ as a linear and national-scale type. Er betrieb seit 1953 sein eigenes Büro. Preparing Okinawa for Reversion to Japan: The Okinawa International Ocean Exposition of 1975, … In 1975 the World EXPO opened in Okinawa, Japan. Kiyonori Kikutake and the architecture of postwar Japan. À l'occasion de l'Expo ’75 (en), Kiyonori Kikutake fait construire l'ile artificielle d'Aquapolis. À la fin de l’Exposition, le site a été transformé pour être utilisé en Ocean Expo Park dans lequel l’Aquapolis est restée en fonctionnement jusqu’en 2000. In 1975 the World EXPO opened in Okinawa, Japan. 44. connects Aquapolis to the shoreline. (Kazuyo Sejima has said that the Sky House was the reason she became an architect.) Kiyonori Kikutake (Kurume, Fukuoka, Japonia, 1928ko apirilaren 1a - 2011ko abenduaren 26a) arkitektoa izan zen. Please don’t think you have understood anything, ever.” It was his last appearance in public before returning to Hawaii; he passed away just before the New Year. The group included the architects Kiyonori Kikutake, Masato L taka, Kisho Kurokawa and Fumihiko Maki. Modern Architecture Floor Plans How To Plan Experimental Modernism Architects Images Japanese. 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