Treatment: I start runners with rest, ice and anti-inflammatory medication for pain. Runners who address the cause of shin splints have a much greater likelihood of making a smoother and more prompt return to injury-free running and normal training loads. Shin splints are a painful condition of the front of lower leg caused by overstraining of the shin bone, muscles and connective tissues around the bone. Over-pronated (flat feet) are another factor that can lead to increased stress on the lower leg muscles … Causes. Common contributory factors causing shin pain:-- Sudden change in your activity level – e.g. Shin splints. Make sure to always use proper form when jumping rope and have the right gear to avoid injuries. Less common causes of shin splints further include: Stress Fracture: The constant pounding of the pavement and the consistent stress placed on your bones may cause tiny fractures to occur. Shin splints is a common problem seen in active patients and in runners in particular. Shin splint causes pain along the shin bone (tibia), and it’s often related to damage to the tendons, muscles, and bones. Shin splints can result from several mainly biomechanical factors (abnormal movement patterns) and errors in training. When you are especially active, you may be prone to MTSS, says an article from Current Reviews on Musculoskeletal Medicine. You can feel this pain right up the front of your calf. Shin splints arise from inflammation of the muscles and other soft tissues of the lower leg. Shin splints and stress fractures happen when you overtax your leg muscles, tendons or shin bone through a sudden increase in training.   Symptoms . Shin splints are frustrating and hurt like hell. The front compartment contains 3 tightly packed muscles, and the back compartment 5. Bad shoes, poorly fitted shoes or worn out shoes cannot distribute the force of walking and running appropriately leading to shin splints. Flat foot or high arched foot can cause shin splints. This disease process is the result of shearing and overuse of a muscle called the tibialis anterior. Now that you know what causes shin splints, you can take steps to avoid getting them. Its medical name is medial libial stress syndrome (MTSS). The pain linked with shin splints results from extreme amounts of force on the shin bone and the tissues connecting the shin bone to the muscles surrounding it. This may cause pain in your shins. These shin splint risk factors include: Problems with the arch of your foot or flat feet. Having weak bones or a small tibia increases the risk of getting shin splints. Causes & Risk factors of Shin Splints. At the root of shin splints are microfractures (tiny breaks in the shin bone) and inflammation of the tissue that surrounds the shin bone. Shin splints are usually diagnosed based on your medical history and a physical exam. The pain generally occurs somewhere between the knees and ankles. What causes Shin Splint Injury? Running is a common cause of shin splints, especially if you increase your level of activity too quickly. When you hear about sports and activity related injuries, most people assume that these have to be caused by an accident or mistake. Inadequate shoes. What Causes Shin Splints To Occur? Groups that are commonly affected include runners, dancers, and military personnel. Learn more about these injuries along with their symptoms, treatment, and prevention. Symptoms of Shin Splints. Shin splints develop from repeated stress to the shin bone by the pulling and tugging of the muscles and connective tissues in the lower leg. There are number of factors that can cause Shin splints and some of them are mentioned below. Unexplained shin pain when you walk could be caused by shin splints, compartment syndrome, or a stress fracture. Shin splints are a cumulative condition, which means that if the patient doesn’t stop doing the activities that cause the pain, it will continue to get worse. Classic repetitive activities that trigger shin splints include running, dancing, and military training. Shin splints don’t usually cause pain while walking or during daily, non-running activities. In some cases, an X-ray or other imaging studies can help identify other possible causes for your pain, such as a stress fracture. Anyone can get shin splints, but usually, it occurs most frequently in athletes like dancers, footballers, runners, power walkers, and military recruits. In fact, your deep calf can take up to 8 times your body weight in force with each stride! However, sometimes your body just isn’t ready for the level of activity you’re asking for. Shin splints are but there are lots of possible causes. There are 4 main compartments but the 2 that cause shin splints pain are the front (anterior) and back (posterior). › shin-splints-symptoms-and-causes Shin splints Symptoms and Causes. Shin splints typically occur due to excessive physical activity. Shin splints can be caused by a beginner who may be starting an exercise program for the first time. Shin splints can be caused when the anterior leg muscles are stressed by running, especially on hard surfaces or extensively on the toes, or by sports that involve jumping. Besides, here are a few causes of shin splints explained: Shin splint is a pain that emerges from the lower leg the Shin bone, and not only runners or athletes but even dancers can face this pain. The pain of shin splints is characteristically located on the outer edge of the mid region of the leg next to the shinbone (tibia). It is thought that the cause of shin splints is due to repeated stress on your shin bone (tibia) which causes inflammation of the tissue around it and the film membrane covering the bone (the periosteum). Shin Splints Cause. If you are returning on track after an injury and try to boost mileage in a short time, it can also cause shin splints. Here’s a link to a post that specifically details the causes of shin splints, to help you figure out the root of your shin pain. Running on hard or inclined surfaces. Not only are their muscles not fully ready for the impact, but their bones, joints, and tendons may also be weak, therefore leaving them susceptible to these types of overuse injuries. Scientists have shown that the root cause of shin splints is repeating stress on the bone and connective tissue attaching muscle to bone when running, but by a slight bending of the bone when being loaded, not by straight-on impact. Another common cause of shin pain is a stress fracture of the tibia. Shin splints refer to pain and discomfort felt at the front of the lower leg in the area of the shinbone. Shin splint causes and risk factors. What causes shin splints? What Causes Shin Splints Shin splints are caused by an overload of the muscles, tendons and other connective tissue of the lower extremities. The pain often goes away once running is stopped. Wearing athletic shoes that are worn out or don’t have enough shock absorption can also cause this condition. Shin splints are caused by overuse of lower leg muscles and bone tissue.   These tiny breaks and inflammation occur as a result of the leg being overworked by repetitive activity. Peripheral neuropathy (disorder that causes dysfunction of nerves that lie outside your brain and spinal cord) may cause a painful, burning or prickling sensation of the skin of the lower legs. Weak Ankles, Core, or Hip Muscles: Muscle imbalances and weaknesses may create additional stress on your shins. The most frequent cause of shin pain, medial tibial pain syndrome, refers to pain felt from irritation of the tendons which cover their attachment as well as the shin to the bones.