The Mekong is not the region’s sole source of low-carbon power. Between Lake Tana and the Sudanese border, it is fed by numerous tributaries. Tana (tä`nä), river, c.500 mi (800 km) long, rising near Mt. The former is the stretch of river that begins at Lake No in South Sudan, while the latter is the stretch of river that begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The source of the Nile proper was also reached in 1629 by the Portuguese Jesuit missionary Jerónimo Lobo and in 1770 by the Scottish explorer James Bruce. [11] Nevertheless, in a review that compared catches in 2001 to those ten years earlier, it was found that typical sizes of both the tilapia and the catfish had significantly decreased, and populations of the Labeobarbus barbs that breed in the tributaries had significantly declined. River Tana Development Project - River Tana Development Project was planned to be developed in seven different phases. Blue Nile River, headstream of the Nile River and source of almost 70 percent of its floodwater at Khartoum. [8], There are no crocodiles, but the African softshell turtle has been recorded near the Blue Nile outflow from the lake. The Tana is Kenya’s longest river and home to Pokomo farmers and Oromo and Wardei pastoral communities. The Blue Nile originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia (where it is called the Abay River). For district in Oromia Region, Ethiopia, see. Kenya, central Kenya, E Africa, and flowing E then S across Kenya to the Indian Ocean. The River Nile is the longest river in the world. His efforts to loosen the government’s grip on politics also emboldened regional power brokers and inflamed smouldering rivalries over resources, ethnicity and … The lake level has been regulated since the construction of the control weir where the lake discharges into the Blue Nile. The river was a major source of the flooding of the Nile in Egypt that contributed to the fertility of the Nile Valley and the consequent rise of Ancient Egypt and Egyptian mythology. It travels for approximately 1,450 km (900 mi) through Ethiopia and Sudan. [4] Though shorter than the White Nile, 59% of the water that reaches Egypt originates from the Ethiopian highlands via the Blue Nile. One of the basin’s impor-tant ecosystems is the Tana Delta at the coast: almost 50% of the country’s freshwater discharge into the Indian Ocean is made up of the flow from the Tana River. The first European to have seen the Blue Nile in Ethiopia and the river's source was Pedro Páez, a Spanish Jesuit who reached the river's source on 21 April 1618. From its source waters in Mount Kenya, the Ewaso Ng’iro River stretches for 435 miles and eventually joins the Jubba River in Somalia. Electricity is generated via the water sources of Lake Tana where it becomes transferred to a power station and discharged through a tunnel into the Beles River … The historical distribution of salmon in the Tana river system. Today, the river continues to serve as a source of irrigation, as well as an important transportation and trade route. There are hydroelectric plants and irrigation projects in the Tana basin.Tana (tä`nä) or Tsana (tsä`nä), largest lake of Ethiopia, c.1,400 sq mi (3,630 sq km), S of Gondar. The Tana River Basin covers 22% of the country’s total land mass and is home to 18% of the country’s population. Violence elsewhere. Lake Tana, largest lake of Ethiopia, in a depression of the northwest plateau, 6,000 feet (1,800 metres) above sea level.It forms the main reservoir for the Blue Nile (Abbay) River, which drains its southern extremity near Bahir Dar. The powerplant has the capacity to generate 460 MW and hence plays a crucial role in the ambitious energy development plans of the government [2]. They contribute about 82% of household incomes and more than 80% of employment. These lists are based on the compilation in G.W.B. The river flows generally south before entering a canyon about 400 km (250 mi) long, about 30 km (19 mi) from Lake Tana, which is a tremendous obstacle for travel and communication between north and south Ethiopia. Atbara River is one of the major tributaries of the Nile. The Nile River was extremely important to settlement patterns in Egypt. [7][9][10] The remaining Labeobarbus in Lake Tana have other specialized feeding habits: L. beso (non-endemic and not closely related to the others) feeds on algae, L. surkis mostly on macrophytes, L. gorgorensis on macrophytes and molluscs, L. brevicephalus on zooplankton (however, juveniles of all members of the species flock feed on zooplankton), L. osseensis on macrophytes and adults insects, and L. crassibarbis, L. intermedius (non-endemic but closely related to the others), L. nedgia and L. tsanensis on benthic invertebrates like chironomid larvae. Agriculture and livestock production are the main sources of livelihood in Tana River. Rivalling the attraction of the Blue Nile Falls are the Lake Tana thirty-seven islands scattered about on the 3,000-square-kilometer (1,860 square-mile) surface of Ethiopia’s largest body of water. Lake Tana (Amharic: ጣና ሐይቅ) is the largest lake in Ethiopia and the source of the Blue Nile.Located in Amhara Region in the north-western Ethiopian Highlands, the lake is approximately 84 kilometres (52 miles) long and 66 kilometres (41 miles) wide, with a maximum depth of 15 metres (49 feet), and an elevation of 1,788 metres (5,866 feet). The river's principal tributaries are the White Nile and the Blue Nile.